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Do not eat any fungi that has not been correctly identified by a qualified professional, some are DEADLY when ingested. All edible wild fungi Must be cooked. Chaga is maybe essentially the most sought-after. For complete info (e.g. nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, and so forth.) please try our Chaga PDF magazine. It is parasitic on birch. Occasionally on other trees. This fungus causes white coronary heart rot on several broad-leaved tree species, and it kinds charcoal-black, sterile conks on contaminated (mostly) birch (Betula spp.) timber. Easily recognized fungi in the Hymenochaetaceae family. The darkish-colored a part of the sterile conk is formed by a pure mycelial mass of fungus. Chaga sclerotium (outer black floor) is what’s most noticeable sticking out from the trunk of a birch tree. Typically, nicely-developed chaga are found on timber over forty years of age. It is somewhat gnarly in look. The inside colour is a satisfying amber or a rusty yellow-brown. Has a really tough texture. Chaga is discovered on living birch trees within the more northern parts of Europe, Asia, as well as in Canada and within the more northeastern areas of the Canada. Once fully grown, chaga can reach up to 50 cm (19”) in width and top and can have an overhang of about 30 cm. It’s also found on cherry birch (Betula lenta) bushes which might be discovered within the more southern areas of the Canada In additional northern larger elevation areas, this fungi is discovered on heart-leaved paper birch (Betula cordifolia ) timber. In particular, it is most commonly discovered on paper (Betula papyrifera) and yellow (Betula alleghaniensis) birch trees. The chaga physique that grows on the birch has no spores. The key concentration of spores matures within the birch tree trunk beneath the bark, appearing near the chaga buildup when the tree begins to die. Less frequent host timber embody Acer campestre, Acer pseudoplatanus, Alnus glutinosa, Alnus incana, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus cerris, Q. Petraea, Q. Robur, Q. delachampii, and Ulmus sp. When this happens, spores begin to unfold and disperse by the air. When the spores enter the bark of a new host they form mycelium; this finally destroys the bark creating a brand new outgrowth and another chaga begins to develop. That is when the birch bushes are in dormancy. The optimum time for peak nutrients is in autumn after twenty straight nights of temperatures 5 C (41F) or below. Some harvesters consider the optimum time is when the temperatures hit -20 C (-4F). Harvest by means of the fall and winter so long as attainable until the sap starts working. Never take away all of the chaga or the tree might be harmed. Harvest only very giant conks. Leave no less than 25% of it on the tree! When damaged into small pieces it can be used to make a nourishing tea. Both the exterior and inside elements might be processed into powder kind. Chaga should be damaged down into a powder form with a purpose to be added into varied meals. Harvest from dwelling bushes only!
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